Category: Documents de Travail

Achieving organizational identification and employee commitment through CSR communication

Numéro: 2017-5

Ouiam Kaddouri et Elisabeth AlbertiniAchieving organizational identification and employee commitment through CSR communication

Abstract : Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) communication is nowadays an important constituent of the dialogue between firms and their stakeholders. Nonetheless, there is still little guidance regarding its returns and impacts on both primary and secondary stakeholders. Through a single case study in a French firm in the gas industry, which is based on in-depth interviews of top and middle managers, we investigate to what extent CSR communication can serve as a means to achieve organizational identification and employee commitment. Based on our findings, we propose a conceptual framework for effective CSR communication.

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Social and nonlinear tariffs on drinking water: Cui bono? Empirical evidence from a natural experiment in France

Numéro: 2017-4

Alexandre MayolSocial and nonlinear tariffs on drinking water: Cui bono? Empirical evidence from a natural experiment in France

Abstract : This empirical study discusses both the incentive and redistributive effects of nonlinear tariffs on the drinking water of developed countries. Using an original panel database based on a natural experience with drinking water in France, we econometrically explore the impact of tariffs changes on consumption (linear versus nonlinear). We demonstrate that this measure reduces global consumption. However, small consumers (<75 m3) benefit from the new tariff program and increase their consumption, whereas the consumption of the others (>75 m3) decreases. Public policy implications of such tariffs on drinking water may lead to a discussion on the design of these tariffs and the quality of the information given on water consumption.

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The importance of sequencing regulatory reforms in the telecom sector: Evidence from MENA countries

Numéro: 2017-3

Carlo Cambini, Riham Ahmed Ezzat et Carine Staropoli – The importance of sequencing regulatory reforms in the telecom sector: Evidence from MENA countries

Abstract : Since the late eighties, governments have designed telecommunication policies aiming at introducing competition. This implies new regulation framework and privatization of State Owned Enterprises (SOEs). This paper empirically assesses the effect of reforms sequences in the telecommunications sector on the sector performance, by using a sample of 17 Middle East North African (MENA) countries for the period 1995-2010. Countries are free to choose how to proceed notably whether to establish an Independent Regulatory Authority (IRA) before or after privatizing the SOEs, as well as they can create an IRA before introducing competition rather than after. We assume that the choices of reforms sequences are affected by institutional, political and economic variables.

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Public-private partnerships for infrastructure at the sub-national level of government: Opportunities and challenges in France

Numéro: 2017-2

Stéphane Saussier – Public-private partnerships for infrastructure at the sub-national level of government: Opportunities and challenges in France

Abstract : According to the OECD, after a short-lived expansion in reaction to the crisis, public investment has recently experienced a substantial decline in a number of European countries (OECD 2013).  As a natural reaction to these budget cuts, more efficient use of increasingly limited resources is put in the limelight: “Doing more with less” has become the mantra of this decade. Those financial constraints have been translated by a changing role of the government itself. Moving from own production to delegation and externalization, the public sector has shifted its focus from dealing with the internal bureaucracy to managing relations with external partners through public-private partnerships. As a result of this transition, which began before the financial crisis, the typical job description of public managers and bureaucrats has significantly changed over the last decades.

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Le contrat de PPP à l’épreuve des contentieux : Retours d’expériences sur le cas français

Numéro: 2017-1

Thierry Kirat et Frédéric Marty – Le contrat de PPP à l’épreuve des contentieux : Retours d’expériences sur le cas français

Résumé : Contrats de long terme portant sur des services complexes, les partenariats public-privé peuvent donner lieu à des différends entre les contractants ou avec d’autres parties prenantes tant dans leurs phases de passation que d’exécution. Se fondant principalement sur le cas des contrats de partenariat français, cette contribution s’attache successivement aux différends entre les deux partenaires, en abordant les cas des renégociations et des résiliations contractuelles, avant de s’attacher aux contentieux initiés par des tiers, qu’il s’agisse de candidats évincés ou d’autres parties prenantes entamant des recours contre les contrats. Elle porte enfin sur la gestion par les partenaires du risque juridique lié aux recours et à ses éventuelles conséquences pour la personne publique.

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When does ideology matter? An empirical analysis of French municipalities’ make-or-buy choices

Numéro: 2016-5

Jean Beuve and Zoé Le Squeren – When does ideology matter? An empirical analysis of French municipalities’ make-or-buy choices

Abstract: Many empirical studies have analyzed the factors that influence local government decisions regarding the management of public services. In those studies, ideological motives are often found to be not, or at least very slightly, significant. This absence of ideological impact is often interpreted as a proof that local governments are more and more guided by pragmatic rather than ideological motivations, notably because contracting out has become less controversial.

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The law of small numbers: Investigating the benefits of restricted auctions for public procurement

Numéro: 2016-4

Lisa Chever, Stéphane Saussier and Anne Yvrande-BillonThe law of small numbers: Investigating the benefits of restricted auctions for public procurement

Abstract: A commonly accepted view in the academic literature is that dispensing with competition may only be beneficial when tendering complex contracts. However, restricted auctions are frequently used among EU-member states to procure small contracts (OECD, 2010). In this paper, we investigate this paradox.

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Les obligations à impact social : une nouvelle génération de PPP pour les politiques sociales ?

Numéro: 2016-3

Frédéric MARTY – Les obligations à impact social : une nouvelle génération de PPP pour les politiques sociales ?

Résumé : Expérimentés depuis quelques années au Royaume-Uni et aux Etats-Unis, les Social Impact Bonds (SIBs) visent à faire financer par des investisseurs privés des programmes sociaux en conditionnant leur remboursement et leur niveau de rémunération financière à la réalisation d’objectifs de performance. 

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Le diable est-il dans l’annexe ? Les risques budgétaires des PPP saisis par le traitement des passifs éventuels

Numéro: 2016-2

Frédéric MARTY – Le diable est-il dans l’annexe ? Les risques budgétaires des PPP saisis par le traitement des passifs éventuels

Résumé : Les contrats publics globaux à long terme, dont les PPP, ont été vivement critiqués par la Cour des comptes, et par le rapport d’information des sénateurs Portelli et Sueur, sur la base des risques budgétaires qui leur sont associés. Cette contribution porte sur un des facteurs de risque induits par les montages financiers des PPP, à savoir les clauses de garanties que peut accorder l’autorité publique pour faciliter leur bouclage ou réduire leurs coûts.

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Public-Private Partnerships from Budget Constraints: Looking for Debt Hiding?

Numéro: 2016-1

Marco BUSO, Frederic MARTY, and Phuong Tra TRAN – Public-Private Partnerships from Budget Constraints: Looking for Debt Hiding?

Résumé : The use of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) to realize and operate public infrastructures is often associated with fiscal circumventing motivations.Using data at the municipal level, this paper investigates whether budget-constrained public authorities adopt PPPs in order to hide public debts. The results show that financial di culties often lead to a preference for PPPs instead of traditional forms of public procure- ment. However, this behavior is not explained by the possibility of debt hiding. We then discuss alternative explanations for these findings.

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