Category: Documents de Travail

The Quality of Governance and the Use of Negotiated Procurement Procedures: Evidence from the European Union

Numéro: 2015-3

Eshien Chong, Michael Klien and Stéphane SaussierThe Quality of Governance and the Use of Negotiated Procurement Procedures: Evidence from the European Union

Abstract: A key phase in any public-private contracting setting involves the selection of a private contracting partner. Although open competitive tenders (open auctions) are usually the preferred mechanism, recent developments in the academic literature have pointed out that alternatives mechanisms, such as restricted competitive tenders or negotiations, may in fact be a better way to select a private contractor when the contract to be awarded is difficult to specify (Goldberg, 1977; Kelman, 2005; Bajari et al., 2009).

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Political Contestability and Contract Rigidity: An Analysis of Procurement Contracts

Numéro: 2015-2

Jean Beuve, Marian Moszoro and Stéphane SaussierPolitical Contestability and Contract Rigidity: An Analysis of Procurement Contracts

Abstract: We compare procurement contracts where the procurer is either a public agent or a private corporation. Using algorithmic data reading and textual analysis on a rich dataset of contracts for a standardized product and service from a single provider, we find that public contracts feature more rigidity clauses than private-to-private contracts and their renegotiation is formalized more frequently in amendments.

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The Permeability of Public Contracts: Evidence from Renegotiations in the French Car Park Sector

Numéro: 2015-1

Zoé Le Squeren and John Moore – The Permeability of Public Contracts: Evidence from Renegotiations in the French Car Park Sector

Abstract: Recent research suggests that public and private agreements are inherently different. Public contracts should indeed be more permeable to the external (and, more specifically, the political) environment. This paper studies empirically the intrinsic differences between these two types of contracting.

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Water LPEs in Cities: Three Case Studies

Numéro: 2014-13

Marianne Audette-Chapdelaine, Michael Klien et Maria SalvettiWater LPEs in Cities: Three Case Studies

Abstract: The failure or success of providing public services like drinking water through different institutional arrangements may depend crucially and in a non-trivial way from the administrative capacity. A strand of literature deals with this question and what administrative capacities are required for governments to adapt to these situations (Brown and Potoski (2003)). Initially, pre-existing administrative capacities will impact on the decision to organize a public service through direct public management or otherwise. In addition, administrative capacities developed through the provision process, once the governance structure is decided, will also impact on the service performance and at the end, on the willingness to switch from one governance structure to another. The objective of the three case studies, looking carefully at three cities (Stuttgart – Germany, Montréal – Canada, and Brest – France), is to highlight key features of such relationships between administrative capacity and choices made by cities to organize their water public services.

Local Public Enterprises: A Taxonomy

Numéro: 2014-12

Stéphane Saussier et Michael KlienLocal Public Enterprises: A Taxonomy

Abstract: Local public enterprises (LPE) represent a popular mode of public service delivery in OECD countries. In Europe, where the use of LPEs is particularly pronounced, local governments use not only public enterprises integrated into the administration but also 16,000 legally independent organizations, which they own at least partially. The use of LPEs varies, however, greatly between countries and is largely determined by the allocation of public service delivery between public and private sector as well as the functional decentralization in federal systems. In this report, we develop a comprehensive taxonomy of LPEs along three criteria: directly managed LPEs, corporatized LPEs and mixed (intermunicipal and public private) LPEs.

This work has been coordinated by Claire Charbit.

Elections and project delivery in public work procurement: A red ribbon effect?

Numéro: 2014-11

Eshien Chong, Michael Klien et John MooreElections and project delivery in public work procurement: A red ribbon effect? 

Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the electoral cycle empirically using data on public work procurement in 1,634 French municipalities between 2005 and 2007. Using a difference-in-difference approach, we compare public work procurement of municipalities whose mayor was a candidate in the 2007 legislative elections with those of municipalities whose mayor did not run. We find that public work contracts are more likely to end in the years preceding the legislative election in municipalities whose mayor ran in the election. We interpret these observations as indications that electoral considerations influence the conduct of public procurement. In particular, our results suggest that mayors running for legislative elections in France attempted to enhance their election perspective by influencing the timing of project delivery in public work procurement. We consider several potential mechanisms to explain our results.

Procedural Rules and their Impact on Procurement Outcomes: Evidence from France

Numéro: 2014-10

Anissa Boulemia et John MooreProcedural Rules and their Impact on Procurement Outcomes: Evidence from France

Abstract: For the last 20 years, a series of public procurement reforms has sought to enhance the efficiency of purchases by increasing public buyers’ discretionary power. Yet it has been argued that there is a lack of empirical results concerning the impact of such reforms on outcomes, including efficiency. In this paper, we attempt to fill this gap by studying the use of the French “adapted procedure”, a tendering procedure that allows discretion to public buyers to adapt the procedure to their needs.

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La renégociation dans les PPPs : risques et opportunités

Numéro: 2014-9

Jean Beuve, Aude Le Lannier et Zoé Le SquerenLa renégociation dans les PPPs : risques et opportunités

Plan : Les PPPs présentent des spécificités qui font de leurs renégociations un sujet d’étude essentiel. Sources d’efficience par les nécessaires adaptations contractuelles qu’elles permettent ou au contraire d’inefficience de par leur nature opportuniste, les renégociations des contrats de PPPs recouvrent une réalité complexe. Ce chapitre décrit dans un premier temps les différents types de comportements opportunistes auxquels sont confrontés les PPPs.

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L’évolution des conditions de financement des contrats de PPP

Numéro: 2014-8

Frédéric Marty – L’évolution des conditions de financement des contrats de PPP

Plan : Notre propos dans ce chapitre est de retracer les évolutions dans les montages financiers utilisés dans les contrats de PPP depuis les vingt dernières années et de mettre en exergue leur sensibilité aux conditions d’accès aux marchés des fonds prêtables. Nous montrons d’abord que les PPP se sont initialement développés dans un contexte financier favorable lequel a permis de profiter de fonds abondants et peu coûteux.

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