Category: Working Papers

Achieving organizational identification and employee commitment through CSR communication

Numéro: 2017-5

Ouiam Kaddouri et Elisabeth AlbertiniAchieving organizational identification and employee commitment through CSR communication

Abstract : Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) communication is nowadays an important constituent of the dialogue between firms and their stakeholders. Nonetheless, there is still little guidance regarding its returns and impacts on both primary and secondary stakeholders. Through a single case study in a French firm in the gas industry, which is based on in-depth interviews of top and middle managers, we investigate to what extent CSR communication can serve as a means to achieve organizational identification and employee commitment. Based on our findings, we propose a conceptual framework for effective CSR communication.

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Social and nonlinear tariffs on drinking water: Cui bono? Empirical evidence from a natural experiment in France

Numéro: 2017-4

Alexandre MayolSocial and nonlinear tariffs on drinking water: Cui bono? Empirical evidence from a natural experiment in France

Abstract : This empirical study discusses both the incentive and redistributive effects of nonlinear tariffs on the drinking water of developed countries. Using an original panel database based on a natural experience with drinking water in France, we econometrically explore the impact of tariffs changes on consumption (linear versus nonlinear). We demonstrate that this measure reduces global consumption. However, small consumers (<75 m3) benefit from the new tariff program and increase their consumption, whereas the consumption of the others (>75 m3) decreases. Public policy implications of such tariffs on drinking water may lead to a discussion on the design of these tariffs and the quality of the information given on water consumption.

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The importance of sequencing regulatory reforms in the telecom sector: Evidence from MENA countries

Numéro: 2017-3

Carlo Cambini, Riham Ahmed Ezzat et Carine Staropoli – The importance of sequencing regulatory reforms in the telecom sector: Evidence from MENA countries

Abstract : Since the late eighties, governments have designed telecommunication policies aiming at introducing competition. This implies new regulation framework and privatization of State Owned Enterprises (SOEs). This paper empirically assesses the effect of reforms sequences in the telecommunications sector on the sector performance, by using a sample of 17 Middle East North African (MENA) countries for the period 1995-2010. Countries are free to choose how to proceed notably whether to establish an Independent Regulatory Authority (IRA) before or after privatizing the SOEs, as well as they can create an IRA before introducing competition rather than after. We assume that the choices of reforms sequences are affected by institutional, political and economic variables.

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Public-private partnerships for infrastructure at the sub-national level of government: Opportunities and challenges in France

Numéro: 2017-2

Stéphane Saussier – Public-private partnerships for infrastructure at the sub-national level of government: Opportunities and challenges in France

Abstract : According to the OECD, after a short-lived expansion in reaction to the crisis, public investment has recently experienced a substantial decline in a number of European countries (OECD 2013).  As a natural reaction to these budget cuts, more efficient use of increasingly limited resources is put in the limelight: “Doing more with less” has become the mantra of this decade. Those financial constraints have been translated by a changing role of the government itself. Moving from own production to delegation and externalization, the public sector has shifted its focus from dealing with the internal bureaucracy to managing relations with external partners through public-private partnerships. As a result of this transition, which began before the financial crisis, the typical job description of public managers and bureaucrats has significantly changed over the last decades.

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Le contrat de PPP à l’épreuve des contentieux : Retours d’expériences sur le cas français

Numéro: 2017-1

Thierry Kirat and Frédéric Marty – Le contrat de PPP à l’épreuve des contentieux : Retours d’expériences sur le cas français

Abstract : Public-private partnerships are characterised by specific features (duration, complexity…) favouring disputes among the two partners and with third parties in both contracting in operating stages. Mostly based on the French experience of the contrats de partenariat, this paper first investigates the disputes between the public and private partners (renegotiations and early termination cases…) before considering in a second part the litigations initiated by unsuccessful candidates or other stakeholders opposed to the project. Our contribution finally tackles the issue of the contractual provisions introduced to deal with these legal risks and presents their potential consequences for the public partner.

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When does ideology matter? An empirical analysis of French municipalities’ make-or-buy choices

Numéro: 2016-5

Jean Beuve and Zoé Le Squeren – When does ideology matter? An empirical analysis of French municipalities’ make-or-buy choices

Abstract: Many empirical studies have analyzed the factors that influence local government decisions regarding the management of public services. In those studies, ideological motives are often found to be not, or at least very slightly, significant. This absence of ideological impact is often interpreted as a proof that local governments are more and more guided by pragmatic rather than ideological motivations, notably because contracting out has become less controversial.

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The law of small numbers: Investigating the benefits of restricted auctions for public procurement

Numéro: 2016-4

Lisa Chever, Stéphane Saussier and Anne Yvrande-BillonThe law of small numbers: Investigating the benefits of restricted auctions for public procurement

Abstract: A commonly accepted view in the academic literature is that dispensing with competition may only be beneficial when tendering complex contracts. However, restricted auctions are frequently used among EU-member states to procure small contracts (OECD, 2010). In this paper, we investigate this paradox.

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Les obligations à impact social : une nouvelle génération de PPP pour les politiques sociales ?

Numéro: 2016-3

Frédéric MARTY – Les obligations à impact social : une nouvelle génération de PPP pour les politiques sociales ?

Abstract: Experimented in the United Kingdom and in the United States for several years, the Social Impact Bonds (SIBs) aims at benefiting from a private financing of some social programs while conditioning the debt reimbursement and the financial returns to the fulfilment of performance objectives.

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Le diable est-il dans l’annexe ? Les risques budgétaires des PPP saisis par le traitement des passifs éventuels

Numéro: 2016-2

Frédéric MARTY – Le diable est-il dans l’annexe ? Les risques budgétaires des PPP saisis par le traitement des passifs éventuels

Abstract: Several parliamentary and superior audit court reports have criticized the use of global public contracts on the basis of their potential consequences in terms of fiscal risks. Our contribution aims at stressing the importance of one of risk inducers, the guarantees granted to the private contractor in PPPs such as a minimum revenue clause or a guarantee on the debt reimbursement.

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Public-Private Partnerships from Budget Constraints: Looking for Debt Hiding?

Numéro: 2016-1

Marco BUSO, Frederic MARTY, and Phuong Tra TRAN – Public-Private Partnerships from Budget Constraints: Looking for Debt Hiding?

Abstract:The use of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) to realize and operate public infrastructures is often associated with fiscal circumventing motivations.Using data at the municipal level, this paper investigates whether budget-constrained public authorities adopt PPPs in order to hide public debts. The results show that financial di culties often lead to a preference for PPPs instead of traditional forms of public procure- ment. However, this behavior is not explained by the possibility of debt hiding. We then discuss alternative explanations for these findings.

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